Monday, February 14, 2011

Dimensions of interior space

Architectural photographing of existing buildings is limited to the preparation of architectural plans - distributions of the premises. The sketches must be drawn clearly and contain all the dimensions needed for further work. Where necessary, in addition to all measures and details with text can be indicated specific moments in a larger scale. Curves in the sketch according to their nature, must be marked with the appropriate radius.
Apart from the three sizes of the premises: length, width and height is necessary to capture the location of the openings (doors, windows), where and at what distance from near walls are the doors and the windows, what is their height from floor to the upper end. We need also to measure at what height from the floor and the distance from the adjacent walls is the chimney in this room. You must know the exact locations of light switches, electrical sockets for electrical appliances, telephone cord and other similar facilities. In the kitchens essential for the proper arrangement is determining the position of the pins for the sink.
When the room is an architectural detail that must be taken into consideration when designing the furniture and furnishings, it shall be captured by both its size and shape. Proper sizing of the interior space is essential for the proper furnishing of the separate premises. In internal architecture there is a need to optimize the relationship between the volume - planning framework, the environment and human needs that occur in the most concentrated form. Regardless of size, shape and purpose each enclosed space must provide adequate conditions for functioning of assigned utilitarian functions. Dimensioning of the room should be precise. This is achieved through the rational placement of the furniture groups and anticipating the needs.
It is very important that we conform to the scale of the room and the furniture with which the living area is furnished. Proper placement of the functional groups provides the proper functioning of various processes of life - cooking, relaxation, sleep, work, cultural activities, hygiene processes. When furnishing a kitchen, if it was intended only for cooking, in a unilaterally arrangement between the workplace and the opposite wall there must be at least 1000 mm. distance to ensure free movement of the housewife. In bilaterally arrangement, the distance between the two rows of cabinets must be at least 1200 mm. Therefore, in the kitchen can operate two people, and one of them may be seated. The distance can be 1000 mm. but then, the kitchen will have enough space for work for one person only.
When planning the kitchen it is important to plan available space along the seating furniture in the dining room, so people can pass freely among the eating persons without having to disturb them. The distance must be at least 500 mm. and only moving the chair, it should be 200 mm. In the bedrooms arrangement of the furniture must comply with navigation lines of the premises and to be provided free access to doors and windows in the room. In front of the wardrobe in the bedroom we must provide clearance of 600 mm. in order for normal use. In the Kids Room with available beds arranged one to another, the minimum light space between them must be 850 mm. When organizing the area for leisure and conversation in the living room sofa and armchairs must be arranged with 200-300 mm. off the table.
If you want to be able to open the doors of sectional cabinets and to convenient use them you must provide at least 600 mm. free area in front of them. Between the armchair and cupboards free area must also be 600 mm. It should be noted that the proper placement of furniture, their interconnection and their relationship with humans, are essential for the proper functioning of various types and nature of activities.


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