The majority of a person's life passes at their homes for that reason it must provide an adequate flow of various processes of life - cooking, eating, sleeping, relaxing, cultural activities and sanitary processes. All these processes take place in three separate groups of rooms: Household - includes kitchen and dining room, Residential - includes living room, but may include dining and bedroom group, which itself includes sleeping area. As a separate group could be refer the communication area - entrance hall, staircase and corridor. In smaller homes, the functional groups are concentrated in a few rooms, and in bigger it is possible allocating a larger number of rooms. In the residential interior there are groups of furniture, appliances, equipment and others that relate to certain processes of life - work, rest, sleep, hygiene and others. These are the so called functional centers with strictly intended purpose, according to the type of space and place in one of two residential groups:
- Group “Day”, including, dining room, kitchen, study
- Group "Night" which includes bedroom, kid’s room and sanitary - hygienic premises.
For the beneficial and rational solution to the interior of the two residential groups, We must determine the necessary furniture for each functional area and their mutual location and connection. In the first place we clarify optimal overall areas of the furniture groups and variability in arranging them in given premises. In every room there are lines of movement and peaceful places that should not be crossed by these lines. If we complete these requirements, the movement in each room will be freely and people, who talk, eat or rest will not be disturbed by passing people on these lines. The less furniture we have to furnish our home, the easier it is to make these lines.
- Corridor scheme, which allows direct connection with any premises, by an extended corridor. Those way individual rooms can be used alone.
- Vestibule scheme. Typical for buildings with great depth, which is why there are formed three lines of premises - two lines outside with natural light and an internal unlit row, where are located vestibule and bathrooms. The vestibule is used as residential space, through which we establish connections with the rest areas. Lights are indirectly through the room in front the vestibule, which is connected through a wide portal.
- Living room scheme. The center of the home is directly lighted area, which is organized as living room, which provides access to other premises. This system is the most widely used and allows the most favorable planning decisions. The entrance leads you directly into the first area of the home - vestibule. It serves as thermal insulator between the outer atmosphere and home and is the main distribution unit which carries out all the functional relations between different groups of areas.
You can find part II of this article here: How to arrange our home to be functional. Part II